lets begin with What is required and what it costs

  • Hardware - Router If you haven't already you'll need to return the router your ISP provided and upgrade to one with more capabilities.
    - Recommendation - $99.95 ARRIS Surfboard Docsis 3.0 Cable Modem + Dual Band Wi-Fi Router
  • Hardware - Computer You can host a website on your pre-existing computer but it is recommended that you use a dedicated PC as your server.
    - Win 10 Recommendation - $161.39 Dell OptiPlex 7010 Intel Core i5-3470, 3.2GHz, 8GB, 1TB
    - Win 7 Recommendation - $134.50 Dell Optiplex Intel Dual-Core up to 2.5GHz, New 8GB, 1TB
    - - Optional - KVM $29.99 4 Port VGA KVM Switch
    - - Optional - Switch $20.15 NETGEAR GS305-300PAS 5-Port Gigabit Ethernet Unmanaged Switch
  • A Domain Name Registering through https://domains.google.com/ is generally $12 to $25 annually.
  • Description Price Occurance
    Annual Domain Name $15.00 Required
    Computer $134.50 One time
    Monthly Gsuite $6.00 Optional
    Annual SSL Certificate $8.00 Optional
    Monthly Internet $70.00 No added cost
    Router $99.95 One time
  • With an annual recurring price of only $15.00 self hosting is overall a much cheaper option than paying for hosting.

  • Build Guide

    What the basic process is: You'll install a web server on your computer which will host your website. You'll then configure some firewall rules to allow traffic in and out of your system and finally you'll log into your router to direct the traffic from the internet to your local computer.

  • Build Considerations Webservers can be setup for a range of purposes. MS Windows works well at hosting standard websites but if your mostly familiar with Apple or interested in a personal cloud a Linux distro would be a better fit. If your unfamiliar or intimidated by linux click here for some help getting started. https://about.gitlab.com/ is a good place to start for specific webserver projects. If instead you are primarily interested in setting up an online store please review The Web Site Setup section prior to proceeding.
  • Network Setup if your setting up a dedicated PC for your server you should provide it a hardwired ethernet/cat5 internet connection by plugging your server directly into either your router or into a switch.
  • Web Server Software
  • For both ease of setup as well as superior compatability/functionality I suggest installing either XAMPP which contains Apache, MarieDB, PHP, and Perl, or WAMP which contains Apache2, MySQL, and PHP bundled together. Both XAMPP and WAMP are simple and straight forward to install. Windows Pro does come with IIS (Internet Information Services) installed which might be a more familiar interface for those only familiar with Windows.

  • IIS Specific Instructions - Skip IIS
  • Download and install .NET Framework here and here.
  • Turn on Internet Information Services (IIS)
  • Open the control panel (Start Menu > control)
  • Control Panel //> Programs and Features
  • Turn Windows features on or off
  • Turn on the following: (check the box next to each)
  • Internet Information Services
  • FTP Server
  • Web Management Tools
  • World Wide Web Services
  • Internet Information Services Hostable Web Core
  • Navigate to: Control Panel > Administrative Tools > View Local Services
  • Locate and Start: IIS Administrative Services
  • Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager
  • Run IIS Manager > Select "Application Pool" > Select "DefaultAppPool" > Right Click "Edit Basic Settings > Choose ".NET Framework" > Managed pipeline mode: Integrated" > Check "Start application pool immediately" > Click "OK" > Select "Sites" > Default Web Site" > Right Click and choose "Edit Bindings" > Click "Add" > Type: http > IP address: All Unassigned > Port: 80 > Host name: blank

    Select "Sites > Default Web Site" > Right Click and choose "Edit Bindings" > Click "Add" > Type: http > IP address: (local ip address if you don't know yours open command prompt (cmd) and type "ipconfig" look for your IPv4 Address. > Port: 80 > Host name: blank

  • Click Application Pools
  • Right Click "Default Application Pool"
  • Click "Advanced Settings"
  • Expand "Process Model"
  • Change "Idle Time-out (minutes) to "0"
  • Download and install Microsoft Web Platform Installer 5.0 which is basically an app store for IIS. PHP SQL .NET Frameworks and Powershell are located under "Products/Frameworks".
  • - - Optional: Download MySQL Community Server which is a SQL installer similar to Microsoft Web Platform for IIS)

  • Firewall Configuration
  • Launch Windows Firewall (start menu "windows firewall")
  • click "Advanced Settings" to set Inbound rules on specific ports.
  • Set the following two rules:
  • Click "Inbound Rules" > Click "New Rule" > Click "Port" >Click "Next"
  • Select "TCP" > Specific local ports: 80 > Select "Domain"
  • Select "Private" > Select "Public" > Click "Next"
  • Select "Allow the connection" > Click "Next" > Name: server
  • Click "Finish"
  • Click "Inbound Rules" > Click "New Rule" > Click "Port"
  • Click "Next" > Select "TCP" > Specific local ports: 8080
  • Select "Domain" > Select "Private" > Select "Public"
  • Click "Next" > Select "Allow the connection" >
  • Click "Next" > Name: server 80
  • Click "Finish"

  • Port Forwarding
  • Log into your router by entering its IP into a web browser. Generally it will be or
  • Once logged in go to your Port Forwarding options to send incoming traffic to your router onto your webserver by creating IPv4 forwards with the followng rules.

  • External IP Address & Start/End Point = = 80= 80
  • Local IP Address & Start/End Point = = 80 =80
  • (this IP address should match your computers.
  • To find it open command prompt "cmd" and type "ipconfig" look for your IPv4 address.)
  • Description = server
  • Protocol = TCP
  • Forwarding = YES
  • External IP Address & Start/End Point = external-ip = 8080= 8080
  • (this IP should be the address of your router. )
  • Local IP Address & Start/End Point = 8080= 8080
  • Description = server = 80 = 80
  • Protocol = TCP
  • Forwarding = YES
  • Next locate your DHCP settings and specifically your webserver computer in the list of devices connected to your network.
  • Reserve it's local IP address so it doesn't change the next time you reboot your router.

  • Domain and DNS
  • To find your external IP either run (win+r) cmd and enter ipconfig /all or visit a site like https://www.ipchicken.com/
  • Visit http://domains.google.com to register a domain.
  • You can either select the domain fowarding (Manage>Forward) options to point yourdomain.com to your external IP or you can set a custom DNS record to ensure your name resolves instead of your IP.
  • For custom DNS settings enter the following Registered Hosts records
  • Hostname IPv4 address
    www.domain.com external ip
    domain.com external ip

  • and Custom Resource Records
  • Name Type TTL Data
    @ A 1h external ip
    * CNAME 1h domain.com
    a A 1h external ip

  • Address Overview
  • Step Complete: Webserver Installed
  • Step Complete: Firewall + Port Forwarding Configured http://external-ip
  • Step Complete: Domain + DNS configured http://domain.com

  • Email Forwarding
  • To use an user@domain.com address to send and recieve messages from your gmail account

    Step 1: visitdomains.google.com
    Navigate to: Email > Email Forwarding > Add Email Alias
    Create a forwarding email address

    Step 2: visit myaccount.google.com
    Enable Multi Factor Authentication
    Navigate to: Security > App Passwords
    Select: app = mail
    Select: device = other and name it something
    copy the password

    Step 3: visit gmail.com
    Navigate to: Settings > See All Settings
    Select: accounts and import > add another email address
    Enter a name and the fowarding email address
    make sure: treat as alias is checked
    SMTP = smtp.gmail.com
    username = gmail account username
    password = the password you copied in step 1

    Step 4: log into your gmail account and click the confirmation message.

  • Web Site Setup
  • Now that you have your webserver up and running you'll now need an actual website. Which is comprised of mostly .html files stored on your server in locations such as \inetpub\wwwroot for IIS servers and \xampp\htdocs\dashboard for XAMPP. If you have no web coding (html,css,js,php) background and don't plan on learning, a good alternative option is Wordpress which is a CMS or Content Management System used to create webpages meaning no coding is required. Once your site is built don't forget to visit a Favicon Generator and then Submit your site to Google as final steps. If your main reason for setting up a server is to open an online store, WooCommerce is a great option as the standard store-engine plugin for Wordpress. However, if your store doesn't plan on managing all payments, production, and shipping it may be simpler to save yourself the work of setting up and maintaining a webserver and instead simply forward your domain to a pre-existing marketplace conneted via API to a third party drop-shipper. To do this visit Printify or Printful to get started.

  • Recommended Self Hosting Applications
  • Name Description Address
    Kiwi IRC IRC Chat Client https://github.com/kiwiirc/kiwiirc
    Lychee Photo Galleries https://lychee.electerious.com/
    Owncloud Personal Cloud https://owncloud.org/
    Serviio Media Browser https://serviio.org/
    Tight VNC Remote Desktop https://www.tightvnc.com/
    Ubooquity Comic and Epub Reader https://vaemendis.net/ubooquity/

  • Lychee Install Guide Lychee is a free photo-management tool. Either download and extract lychee to a directory inside your webserver or if you use GIT open command prompt (cmd) navigate to a folder inside your webserver and type "git clone https://github.com/electerious/Lychee.git"
  • Next you'll need to create a database for Lychee, to do this open a command prompt (cmd) and type the following:
  • run command: mysql enter password: password run command: CREATE DATABASE lychee; run command: CREATE USER "username"@"localhost" IDENTIFIED BY "password"; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON lychee.* TO "username"@"localhost"; Next you need to navigate to the folder with the lychee install in it. c:\inetpub\wwwroot\Lychee and set permissions to allow all privilledges to all groups.
  • If the read option will not save after being unselected, open a command prompt and naviate to the the folder.
  • Type: icacls Lychee /grant:r "Administrators":(OI)(CI)M
  • Navigate to Lychee via web browser and enter the following values; host: localhost or blank, username: username, password: password, database: lychee.
  • Kiwi Install Guide Kiwi is a IRC web client. Before installing be sure to download NPM then open a command prompt and navigate to your server folder. Type command: mkdir kiwi-irc, Type command: cd kiwi-irc, Type command: git clone https://github.com/prawnsalad/KiwiIRC.gif && cd KiwiIRC Type command: npm install Type command: copy config.example.js config.js Type command: kiwi build Type command: kiwi start - Thats it. You can now access Kiwi by visiting http://localhost:7778 to manually start kiwi navigate to the directory via cmd and type command: kiwi start

  • Mime Types
  • Once your webserver is online it will require additional configuration to fine tune it to your needs. MIME stands for Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions which really doens't matter. What does is that without setting mime type values certain types of files will not be allowed through your webserver. For instance without a MP4 MIME value your site won't allow online downloading or streaming of song.mp4 files you host. On IIS servers MIME values can be entered by opening the MIME Type app inside of IIS Manager, on Apache MIME values are entered either into the httpd.conf or .htaccess files. Below are some manual entry examples.

  • Apache Server Example
  • AddType application/json json
    AddType video/mp4 mp4 m4v f4v f4p

  • IIS Server Example
  • fileExtension=".mp4" mimeType="video/mp4"
    fileExtension=".webm" mimeType="video/webm"

  • NGINX Server Example
  • text/css css;
    text/xml xml;

  • Introduction into Web Coding
  • Websites incorporate a variety of different overlapping languages which pull and compile different assets into a end user experience. If you're completely new to coding I would suggest installing httrack which allows you to download a local copy of a page. Also get use to utilizing "view-source" and "inspect-element" options while browsing the web to learn how different web pages work. Next focusing on learning the below in top-to-bottom order. Click herefor a good place to start learning, if you already know the basics then instead try codepen
    HTML HyperText Markup Language
    CSS Cascading Style Sheets
    JS JavaScript
    ANGULAR App Platform|BS optional
    SQL Structured Query Language
    PHP Personal Home Page
    Python General Purpose Language
    JAVA General Purpose Language
    .NET Framework

  • Recommended Javascript and Plugins
  • JavaScript JQuery
    JavaScript Node
    Plugin Font Awesome
    JavaScript Three
    Jquery Plugin Spritely

  • Enabling SSL
  • To enable SSL (https) on your server you will need to create an account with a trusted Certificate Authority (CA) to issue you your certificate. There are multiple types of SSL certificates avaialble each requiring different forms of authorization, the most common options are.

    • EVSSL - $75 annually - Extended Validation
    • OVSSL - $30 annually - Organization Validated
    • DVSSL - $9 annually - Domain Validated
    If you are expecting your SSL certificate to be trusted everywhere the best option is an EVSSL certificate the downsize is they cost more, require more forms to be filled out, and take longer to initially enable. If instead you would like the non-secure warning pages to go away but don't require a PCI level of trust/encryption then a DVSSL may be a better option as it is cheap and can be activated relatively quickly.

    Once you have purchased your certificate open IIS Manager and open "Server Certificates". Select "create certificate request" and complete the fields - Common Name = your sites domain name (www.site.com). Save the file to your local drive and then open it in notepad to copy the generated key. Return to the CA website and select "Generate Certificate", enter your key and server information (MS IIS5.x+ later) and click submit. Next verify ownership of the domain (DVSSL) via whois email, file upload, or CNAME record. Once ownership has been validated your certificate will be issued (emailed to you). Return to IIS Manager, click on Server Certificates, and select "Complete Certificate Request". If an error is thrown click cancel and hit the F5 key to refresh the list. If your certificate is listed then proceed to bindings. If it is not listed proceed to MMC.

    Troubleshooting via MMC: Click start and enter MMC. Select Add/Remove Snap-In, Add Certificates, Computer Account, Local Computer. Next select - Certificates > Personal > Certificates > All Tasks > Advanced > Create Custom Request > Next/Next/Next. Then expand "Details" and select "Properties".

    • select - Base64 and complete the general tab
    • Switch to the Subject tab and enter the following values
    • Subject Name:
    • Common Name: Domain (URL)
    • Country: USA
    • Locality: Town
    • Organization: Name
    • State: State
    • Alternative Name:
    • IP address (V4): server IP address
    • URL: domain name
    • Switch to the Private Key tab
    • Key options - make key exportable
    • select size 2048
    Now generate a new certificate request, save it locally, open it, copy the key and paste it into your CA website to generate a new certificate. Then return to IIS select Server Certificates and click on "Complete Certificate Request". If error is still thrown hit F5 (refresh) - it should now be in the list.

    Select the site you wish to add the SSL Certificate to and click "Edit site > bindings". Add Type: https, Ip address: All Unassigned, Port: 443, and select the SSL Certificate from the drop down list.

    SSL should now be active on your domain, if it isn't try visiting your domain name provider (domains.google.com) and ensure SSL is turned on in your DNS settings.

  • .htaccess
  • The .htaccess file is a optional addition to add to your server which allows for additional security and configuration. To create a .htaccess file open Notepad++ enter your configuration and save the file to your web directory as .htaccess To password protect a file you'll also need a .htpasswd file. For the .htaccess example below the .htpasswd file would contain username:$apr1$aSqRMyB4$xt0CkXVpEzJfe3L0hiOZP. # Rewrite to www Options +FollowSymLinks RewriteEngine on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^adrian.systems[nc] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.adrian.systems/$1 [r=301,nc] # 301 Redirect Old File Redirect 301 /oldfilepath.html /newfilepath.html # 301 Redirect Entire Directory RedirectMatch 301 /olddirectory(.*) /newdirectory/$1 # Caching schema <FilesMatch "\.(jpg| css)$"> Header set Cache-Control "public, max-age=780" </FilesMatch> # Password Protect file <Files /safe> AuthName "Prompt" AuthType Basic AuthUserFile /hidden/secrets/path Require valid-user </Files> # Stop hotlinking RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^$ RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^http://(www\.)?google.com/.*$ [NC] RewriteRule \.(jpg|png|gif)$ http://www.example.com/hotlinker.png[R=302,L] # Custom 400 errors ErrorDocument 400 /errorpages/400.html # Custom 401 errors ErrorDocument 401 /errorpages/401.html # Custom 403 errors ErrorDocument 403 /errorpages/403.html # Custom 404 errors ErrorDocument 404 /errorpages/404.html # Custom 500 errors ErrorDocument 500 /errorpages/500.html # Block users by IP order allow,deny deny from allow from # Block bad bots RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^BlackWidow [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Bot\ mailto:craftbot@yahoo.com [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^ChinaClaw [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Custo [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^DISCo [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Download\ Demon [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^eCatch [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^EirGrabber [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^EmailSiphon [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^EmailWolf [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Express\ WebPictures [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^ExtractorPro [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^EyeNetIE [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^FlashGet [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^GetRight [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^GetWeb! [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Go!Zilla [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Go-Ahead-Got-It [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^GrabNet [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Grafula [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^HMView [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} HTTrack [NC,OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Image\ Stripper [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Image\ Sucker [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} Indy\ Library [NC,OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^InterGET [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Internet\ Ninja [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^JetCar [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^JOC\ Web\ Spider [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^larbin [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^LeechFTP [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mass\ Downloader [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^MIDown\ tool [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mister\ PiX [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Navroad [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^NearSite [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^NetAnts [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^NetSpider [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Net\ Vampire [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^NetZIP [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Octopus [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Offline\ Explorer [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Offline\ Navigator [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^PageGrabber [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Papa\ Foto [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^pavuk [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^pcBrowser [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^RealDownload [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^ReGet [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^SiteSnagger [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^SmartDownload [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^SuperBot [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^SuperHTTP [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Surfbot [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^tAkeOut [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Teleport\ Pro [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^VoidEYE [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Web\ Image\ Collector [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Web\ Sucker [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebAuto [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebCopier [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebFetch [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebGo\ IS [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebLeacher [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebReaper [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebSauger [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Website\ eXtractor [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Website\ Quester [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebStripper [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebWhacker [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WebZIP [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Wget [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Widow [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^WWWOFFLE [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Xaldon\ WebSpider [OR] RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Zeus RewriteRule ^.* - [F,L] # Change default directory page DirectoryIndex notindex.html # Prevent viewing of .htaccess file <Files .htaccess> order allow,deny deny from all </Files> # Prevent directory listings Options All -Indexes

  • Advanced Troubleshooting

  • To enable Python after it has been installed open CMD prompt and type: set path=%path%;C:\Users\ServiceUser\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python37 then hit enter next type: python --version and hit enter again to confirm. *Be sure to change "ServiceUser" to your current username.

    To force remove read priviliages from a folder that wont let you navigate to the containing directory of the folder you want to edit in CMD. cd C:\inetpub\wwwroot\ then type command: icacls trickyfolder /grant:r "Administrators":(OI)(CI)M

  • How to fix it when your server is live but your site isnt If when you navigate to http://localhost you get the error System.ServiceModel.Activation.HttpModule
  • open cmd and browse to cd\%windir%\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319 then run cmd:aspnet_regiis.exe /iru

  • How to fix a cmd that isnt recognized For example if ipconfig is no longer recognized then check that the default command still works which is: windows\system32\ipconfig /all
  • To fix this right click "My Computer" & select "Properties." > Click "Advanced" tab. >Click "Environment Variables" button. Then in the "System variables" box, scroll down to "PATH" and highlight it. Click the "Edit" button and in the "Variable value:" box, add this string to the very beginning of the text "C:\WINDOWS\system32;" without my quotation marks. Make sure you include the semicolon. Then click OK three times.
  • That should of have done it to test open cmd, right-click and select "run as administrator", Type cd C:\ hit enter, Type ipconfig, hit enter.

  • How to auto start services Open file explorer and navigate to or create C:\autoboot Open notepad and type a command, for example: cd C:\inetpub\wwwroot\server node server.js or cd c:\inetpub\wwwroot\KiwiIRC kiwi start then save the file as filename.bat then open a blank notepad and type
  • Set oShell = CreateObject ("Wscript.Shell")
  • Dim strArgs
  • strArgs = "cmd /c filename.bat"
  • oShell.Run strArgs, 0, false
  • then save the file as filename.vbs close notepad and navigate to C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup create a shortcut to C:\autoboot\filename.vbs

  • How to restart services Run services.msc and select the service you want to restart. Right-click properties and take note of the service name. Open notepade and type the following:
  • @echo off
  • NET STOP servicename
  • timeout /t 5 /nobreak > NUL
  • NET START servicename
  • timeout /t 2 /nobreak > NUL
  • save the file as a .bat and double click it to run.

  • Linux Tips for those mostly familiar with Apple or interested in a personal cloud server.
  • Download: Elementary Linux and Rufus to install the OS.
  • Below is a list of some terminal commands to get your started
  • Command Function CMD Version
    sudo su - switch to admin
    cd .. up dir cd..
    ls list directory dir
    chown user filename.txt take ownership icacls
    chmod -r 755 read/run all
    chmod -r 777 read/write/run all
    sudo apt-get upgrade app upgrades
    sudo apt-get update app update
    git config --global user.name "your name" for git repos
    killall appname end process taskkill
    cd opt/lampp sudo ./manager-linux-x64.run Run xampp gui

  • If you have questions feel welcome to contact me.